Lucid dream induction using three different cognitive methods
Lucid dreaming is a rare phenomenon, therefore different induction techniques are used to increase the lucid dream frequency. In the present study three cognitive methods were tested: Dream diary, Wake-up-back-to-Bed, and reality testing/reflection. Altogether, 110 participants completed the three-week study protocol. The present findings showed that although the overall effects were not significant, slight increases in lucid dream frequency due to the cognitive techniques (Wake-up-back-to-Bed, reality testing/reflection) were measured. Future studies should extend the study interval, increase participants’ motivation and dream recall and lucidity should be measured every morning.