Descoperiri din perioada târzie a epocii bronzului de la Poieneşti, jud. Vaslui şi din Hallstattul timpuriu de la Scânteia, jud. Iaşi

  • Cornelia-Magda Lazarovici (Author)
  • Nikolaus Boroffka (Author)

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Late Bronze Age finds from Poieneşti (Vaslui County) and Early Hallstatt Finds from Scânteia (Iaşi County)

Some Late Bronze Age finds (Noua culture) from Poieneşti, Vaslui County are discussed in the present article. A few finds of an Early Hallstatt type from the Cucuteni settlement at Scânteia, Iaşi County, are also briefly discussed. The finds from Poieneşti come exclusively from the cultural layer. The scarce pottery bowls and pots that can be reconstructed have analogies in other settlements of the Noua culture. Other pieces typical of this group are flint sickles (Krummesser) and notched shoulder blades of bovids. The most interesting find is an antler side-piece of a bridle, showing a markedly narrowed end with small knobs and with so-called Danubian-Mycenaean incised decoration. It may be included in the Spiš type. That type was latest treated by H.-G. Hüttel, who dated most of the examples from the Carpathian Basin to the end of the Early Bronze Age/beginning of the Middle Bronze Age (FD III/MD I). A review of the old and new material by N. Boroffka allowed a distiction among several variants, of which variant b may be divided into 5 subvariants. The distribution now shows a new concentration east of the Carpathian Mountains and the chronology for the whole group has been revised. Most pieces belong to the Late Bronze Age and may be connected to the last stages of the Otomani culture and the Noua – Sabatinovka cultural complex. The bronze sickles found at Poieneşti may have been part of a destroyed hoard. They belong to an eastern type (Ibrakaevo, according to Dergačev and Bočkarev), which may be connected to the Noua settlement and which indicate the known eastern influence on that culture. Some sherds from Scânteia, Iaşi County, probably belong to the Early Hallstatt Corlăteni group, although they preserve featurtes of the Noua culture. Also from Scânteia is a bone pine with a pot-like head. It may be the most easterly example of this type of pin; it is widely datable to the period Bz. D – Ha. C, and it clearly shows western influence.

Keywords: Late Bronze Age, Early Hallstatt, bone/antler artefacts, bronze artefacts