Aşezarea cucuteniană de la Cucuteni - Dealul Mănăstirii / La Dobrin

  • Cornelia-Magda Lazarovici (Author)

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The Cucutenian Settlement of Cucuteni - Dealul Mânăstirii / La Dobrin

Archaeological excavations at Dealul Mănăstirii / La Dobrin (1979-1981) attest to the existence of a secondary settlement (based on quality, shapes and decoration of thepottery) Cucuteni A3, which is at about 1.5 km far from the main one on Cetăţuia. Were investigated a house (L1), several complex/annexes (Complex 1 may indicate another house) and pits. Complexes discovered on the east side of the plateau (SI, maybe another house) were affected by the collapse of the promontory. The most interesting findings are the 37 zoomorphic idols, related with cults of fertility and flocks, as well as specific religious practices. Various other activities are suggested by other artifacts, such as chipped and polished stone. Materials from other periods were also identified: four in humation graves without inventory, ascribed to the post-Cucuteni era; sporadic materials belong to Horodistea- Erbiceni, and more numerous ones are related to the Bronze Age, Hallstatt and La Tene. The use of the plateau by subsequent communities, as well as the works made during WWII affected the remains of Cucuteni habitation. Due to the placement of La Dobrin we must not exclude the idea that the settlement was part of the defense system of the south-eastern side of the main site, on Cetăţuia.

Keywords: Cucuteni A phase, settlement, ceramic fragments, arms and tools, zoomorphic idols, post- Cucuteni discoveries.