O descoperire de bronzuri uitată: depozitul de la Prisăcăreni (nordul Bucovinei)

  • Bogdan Petru Niculică (Author)

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The recovery of old lost information regarding the discoveries of bronze hoards on the territory of the former historical province of Bucovina has a special importance. During the second half of the 19th century, there were found several bronze deposits which were “hidden” to the specialists’ eyes, being only summarily published in Viennese magazines, or in unknown provincial publications. In the present study we submit for the first time to the attention of the searchers the hoard of Prisăcăreni (today on the territory of Ukraine). In 1885, the former Mayor of the town of Siret, Captain Josef von Gutter pointed out the discovery of a bronze hoard consisting in a bronze cauldron, containing a clay urn full of ash. The urn was surrounded all around by 12 bronze axes (celts). After analyzing these elements, we believe that the deposit can be ascribed to the Gáva-Holihrady culture (the Grăniceşti cultural group), characteristic of the Early Hallstatt in the northeastern Carpathian space. This deposit can be considered to be a votive offering connected to certain cult practices/ religious ceremonies and to the religious pantheon of the Gáva population, or it may also be a sacrificial tomb.

Keywords: bronze hoard, Bucovina, Prisăcăreni, Gáva-Holihrady culture, Grăniceşti cultural group, Hallstatt B.