Dreams of the deceased: Can themes be reliability coded?

  • Joshua Black (Author)
    Brock University
    PhD Student in Psychology at Brock University.
  • Teresa DeCicco (Author)
    Trent University
  • Corrine Seeley (Author)
    Queen's University
    Recieved PhD from Queen's Univeristy
  • Anthony Murkar (Author)
    University of Ottawa
    PhD Student at Univeristy of Ottawa
  • Jade Black (Author)
    University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT)
    Recieved MA for UOIT
  • Patrick Fox (Author)
    Trent University
    MSc Student at Trent Unviersity

Identifiers (Article)


The main goal of the current study was to determine the reliability of Garfield’s (1996) dream themes of the deceased in a larger sample of dream data. A total of 76 dreams were collected and scored by two judges to determine inter-rater reliability. It was found that Garfield’s (1996) dream themes as a whole where not reliable. However, based on her previous work and others, eight new dream themes of the deceased were developed. It was found that these themes had acceptable inter-rater reliability. This research is a necessary step forward in dreams in bereavement research. 


Contributor or sponsoring agency
Trent University
Dream themes, grief, bereavement, dreams of the deceased
How to Cite
Black, J., DeCicco, T., Seeley, C., Murkar, A., Black, J., & Fox, P. (2016). Dreams of the deceased: Can themes be reliability coded?. International Journal of Dream Research, 9(2), 110–114. https://doi.org/10.11588/ijodr.2016.2.28117