Psychotherapeutic approaches for post-traumatic stress disorder nightmares

  • Stanley Krippner (Author)
    Saybrook University
    Stanley Krippner (Faculty of the Humanistic and Clinical Psychology Department, Saybrook University) received his Ph.D. in Special Education from Northwestern University. A pioneer in the study of consciousness, he has conducted research in the areas of dreams, hypnosis, shamanism, and dissociation, often from a cross-cultural perspective with an emphasis on anomalous phenomena.
  • Isaac Yitzhak Taitz (Author)
    Palo Alto University
    Isaac Taitz is a Ph.D. student in the Clinical Psychology Program at Palo Alto University (PAU), Pacific Graduate School of Psychology (PGSP).

Identifiers (Article)


Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can affect individuals in both their waking and sleeping life and psychotherapists can utilize interventions towards either wakefulness or sleep. This article reviews the history of PTSD, its socio-cultural contexts, as well as incidence and treatment.  We then discuss a multilevel cognitive model of PTSD nightmares and research-supported treatments.  Such treatments range from waking exposure, pre-sleep rescripting, to lucid dreaming exposure.  The authors conclude with a discussion of Time Perspective Therapy.


PTSD Nightmares, Lucid Dreaming Therapy, Time Perspective Therapy, Dream Revision Therapy, Exposure, Relaxation, and Rescripting Therapy
How to Cite
Krippner, S., & Taitz, I. Y. (2017). Psychotherapeutic approaches for post-traumatic stress disorder nightmares. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(2), 101–109.