Specific Versus Scaled Estimates: A Comparison of Two Approaches to Measuring Retrospective Nightmare Frequency

  • William E. Kelly (Author)
    California State University, Bakersfield
    Associate Professor of Psychology Department of Psychology Coordinator, MS Counseling Psychology
  • John R. Mathe (Author)
    Duquesne University
  • Qiujun Yu (Author)
    University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics

Identifiers (Article)

Abstract

Previous research has retrospectively assessed nightmare frequency using either specific estimates of the number of nightmares experienced in a given time period (i.e., 0, 1, 2…) or rating scale responses about the frequency of nightmares (i.e., not often, often). However, research comparing the two approaches has been lacking. This study compared correlations of specific and rating scale estimates of nightmare frequency with neuroticism, general psychological distress, nightmare distress, and self-related variables among a sample of 117 university students. The results indicated that both measures of nightmare frequency demonstrated correlations of similar strengths with other variables, though scaled estimates had a slightly stronger validity coefficient. Nightmare distress similarly mediated the relationships, including the relationship between the two nightmare measures. The results and suggestions for future research were discussed.

Statistics

loading
Published
2018-11-01
Language
en
Contributor or sponsoring agency
John R. Mathe; Qiujun Yu
Keywords
Nightmares; Nightmare Frequency; Nightmare Distress; Personality; Measurement
How to Cite
Kelly, W. E., Mathe, J. R., & Yu, Q. (2018). Specific Versus Scaled Estimates: A Comparison of Two Approaches to Measuring Retrospective Nightmare Frequency. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(2), 203-206. https://doi.org/10.11588/ijodr.2018.2.48486