Partners and ex-partners in dreams: An online survey

  • Michael Schredl (Journal editor)
    Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Germany
  • Naiara Cadiñanos Echevarria (Author)
  • Louise Saint Macary (Author)
  • Alexandra Francesca Weiss (Author)

Identifiers (Article)


Social interactions, especially with the romantic partner, are a very important part of waking life and – in line with the continuity hypothesis of dreaming – also play an important role in dreams. In total, 1695 persons (960 women, 735 men; mean age: 53.84 ± 13.99 yrs.) completed an online survey that included questions about estimating retrospectively the frequency of partner and ex-partner(s) dreams and questions about their relationship status. These estimates indicate that partner dreams are not only common in persons with stable partnership (24%) but also in singles (16%). Partnership quality was the strongest predictor of the emotional tone of partner dreams. Ex-partner dreams were less positive than partner dreams and quite frequent – even years after separation. The next step would be to collect partner and ex-partner dream reports and study the interaction between partnership and partner dreams in a longitudinal design.


Partner dreams, Ex-partner dreams, Partnership, Being single, Continuity hypothesis
How to Cite
Schredl, M., Cadiñanos Echevarria, N. ., Saint Macary, L. ., & Weiss, A. F. . (2020). Partners and ex-partners in dreams: An online survey. International Journal of Dream Research, 13(2), 274–280.