Strategies, tactics, and errors in dynamic decision making in an Asian sample

  • C. Dominik Güss (Author)
    University of North Florida

    C. Dominik Güss is Full Professor in the Psychology Department at the University of North Florida. He is a Research Fellow of the Humboldt Foundation and a recipient of a Marie Curie IIF Fellowship of the European Union. He received his PhD in psychology from Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg, Germany in 2000.

  • Ma. Teresa Tuason (Author)
    University of North Florida

    Ma. Teresa Tuason is Full Professor in the Department of Public Health, Clinical Mental Health Counseling Program, at the University of North Florida. She received her PhD in counseling psychology from the University at Albany, State University of New York in 1999.

  • Llyod V. Orduña (Author)
    University of Baguio

    Prof. Llyod V. Orduña, Ed. D., was former Head of the Research & Development Center and is now Vice President for Administration at the University of Baguio, in the Philippines.

Identifiers (Article)


The current study had three goals: (1) to investigate strategies, tactics, and errors as predictors of success and failure under uncertainty following the dynamic decision making (DDM) and complex problem solving (CPS) framework; (2) to use observation and to examine its reliability and potential as a data collection method when using microworlds; and (3) to investigate the applicability and validity of a microworld developed in the West, to an Asian sample. One hundred three participants in the Philippines took the role of fire chief in the microworld WINFIRE (Gerdes, Dörner, & Pfeiffer, 1993). Their strategies, tactics, and errors were observed and coded by experimenters as they worked individually on the simulation twice. Results showed that (1) DDM strategies, tactics, and errors predicted success and failure in WINFIRE, and strategies and tactics that led to success increased while errors decreased over time; (2) strategies, tactics, and errors can be validly assessed through observation by experimenters, specifically that two types of decision makers were identified: the active, flexible, and big picture planners and the slow or cautious, and singlefocused decision makers; (3) these findings together with participants’ survey ratings speak for the applicability of the microworld in an East Asian sample and for its validity. Findings are potentially relevant for experts and for training programs, highlighting the benefits of virtual environments during DDM.



Supplementary Content

Contributor or sponsoring agency
National Science Foundation Grant No. 0349997 to first author and Humboldt fellowship for first author
Type, method or approach
original empirical work
strategy, tactic, dynamic decision making, complex problem solving, naturalistic decision making, errors, success, cognitive biases, microworld, uncertainty, virtual environment