Podwodne miasta XX i XXI w.
między utopią, eksperymentem i propozycją komercyjną
CEZARY WAS (University of Wroclaw) / Underwater cities of the 20th and 21st c.: between utopia, experiment and commercial proposal
The projects of underwater cities in the second half of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st c. represent changes in the world of ideas and technical capabilities of that time. Optimism and competition between great powers and political systems dominated in the 1960s. The designs of this period were characterized by faith in the unlimited possibilities of civilization development. In later years, the development of science and technical capabilities had an impact on the courage of projects. Towards the end of the 20th c., environmental protection problems began to be included in projects. At that time, the calculation of possible profits turned out to be the decisive factor in the implementation of the projects.
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