0064 "Ein großer Vorsprung gegenüber Deutschland"

Die niederländischen Architekten auf der Bauhausausstellung von 1923 in Weimar

  • Herman van Bergeijk (Author)
    Faculty of Architecture, University of Technology, Delft

    Herman van Bergeijk studied art and architecture history and philosophy at the University of Groningen and architecture history at the Instituto Universitario di Architettura in Venice. In 1995 he received his Ph.D. in Groningen with a study into the work of the Dutch architect W.M. Dudok. After having worked several years as a freelancer he teaches History of Architecture in Delft since 1997. Although he has published on many topics. His field of expertise has become Dutch architecture during the Inter-bellum and in particular the problems regarding the manifestation of modernism and the relationship between vision and architecture. He has published books on H.P. Berlage, the influence of Frank Lloyd Wright in the Netherlands and on Jan Wils. He has recently finished a book on the work of Jan Duiker.

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This article discusses the Dutch contribution to the International Architecture Exhibition that was part of the Bauhaus Manifestation in 1923. The Dutch architect J.J.P. Oud, together with the director of the school in Weimar, Walter Gropius, decided which architects would be asked to participate and send in works. Oud selected the works of these architects according to his own criteria. He had a specific agenda that was dictated by the position he had in the Netherlands and abroad as an advocate of modernist architecture. His interest was not to show what was really going on in general in the Netherlands but to illustrate that there was a strong movement in the country towards the development of a new architecture based on the use of new materials. The article positions this radical attitude of Oud and confronts it with how German architects, who were particularly informed, looked at the situation in the neighbouring country.


J.J.P. Oud, Walter Gropius, Bauhausausstellung 1923, Holländische Architektur, Propaganda