0214 The Clementinum. A Baroque Monument in the Capital of Socialist Czechoslovakia

  • Vendula Hnídková (Author)
    Prague Institute of Art History, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague

    Since 2005, art historian Vendula Hnídková has been working as a researcher at the Institute of Art History of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague. In 2018-2020 she is the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research Fellow at The Barber Institute of Fine Art at the University of Birmingham, UK. Currently, she is researching the Garden Cities Movement in her ERC project “Idea, Ideal, Idyll: Garden Cities in Central Europe 1890s-1930s”. In 2013, she curated the exhibition “National Style. Arts and Politics” at the National Gallery in Prague. She is the author of the books Moskva 1937. Architektura a propaganda v západní perspektivě [Moscow 1937: Architecture and Propaganda from the Western Perspective] (2018), National Style: Arts and Politics (2013), and Pavel Janák. Obrys doby [Pavel Janák: Outline of the Period] (2019).

Identifiers (Article)


The remarkable monument of the Clementinum in the Old Town of Prague involves two basic historical phenomena, namely the Baroque style and Jesuit culture; both contributed in a fundamental way to the character of the material and spiritual culture in the lands of the Bohemian Crown. In the official line of Marxist-Leninist interpretation of history, these phenomena were evaluated critically. Using the example of the representation of the Clementinum, college of the Society of Jesus in Prague, in professional art historical and popular publications, the article explores the strategies of the authors or publishers in dealing with this ideologically precarious heritage during socialism.


Czech art history, Prague, Clementinum, Jesuits, Baroque, Marxism-Leninism