0217 Ideologische Positionen zur Problematik der Budapester Burgruine in den 1950er Jahren

  • Péter Rostás (Author)
    Budapest Budapesti Történeti Múzeum (Budapest History Museum)

    Péter Rostás earned a master’s degree from the University of Economics in Budapest in 1995 and studied art history at Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest and at Georg-August-Universität in Göttingen (Germany). In 2001, he obtained the master's degree and in 2010 a Ph.D. in art history from Eötvös Loránd University. Since 2001, Rostás has been working at the Budapest History Museum, serving as the deputy director and then director of its Kiscelli Museum between 2008 and 2014. Since 2014 he has been the general deputy director of the Budapest History Museum and since 2016 also the director of the Kiscelli Museum.

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Buda Castle, the Royal Palace on the Castle Hill of Budapest, was left in ruins by World War II. It was only in 1949, when the castle was destined to house the new communist government, that plans for its reconstruction were initiated. The architects involved had to deal with a historical heritage that was for the most part disliked by the new political system. This paper analyzes the positions of the protagonists in the debate on the reconstruction of the castle before and after the Hungarian Uprising in 1956. This debate moved between the poles of communist ideology, continuities of a pre-war fascist critique of modernism and a national legitimisation of the Habsburg past perceived as ‘colonial’.


Budapest Castle, Art historiography, Marxism-Leninism