0117 Zwischen Methodologie und Ideologie: Slowenische Kunsthistoriker der Wiener Schule nach 1945

  • Barbara Murovec (Author)
    France Stele Institute of Art History, Scientific Research Center of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Ljubljana

    Graduated in 1995 from Art History and Comparative Literature, PhD in 2000 at the Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana. Research advisor and director of the France Stele Institute of Art History ZRC SAZU and Assistant Professor of Art History at the University of Maribor. Main fields of research: painting and graphic arts from the 16th to the 20th century; art in context; historiography and methodology of art history. Editor of two volumes, with Nenad Makuljević, on memory and public monuments in former Yugoslavia (Acta historiae artis Slovenica, 2013). Second Vice Chair of RIHA (the International Association of Research Institutes on the History of Art). From 2006 founding member of the international research group Baroque Ceiling Painting in Central Europe.

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The institutionalisation of Slovenian art history began in 1913, when France Stele (1886-1972), a student of Max Dvořak (1874-1921), was appointed the conservator of the province of Carniola. It became fully established in 1919, when, after the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, the University of Ljubljana was founded. The paper analyses the activities of three art historians, in addition to France Stele also Izidor Cankar (1886-1958) and Vojeslav Mole (1886-1973), who shaped Slovenian art history between the two world wars. After the end of World War II, all aspects of life were completely subordinated to the Soviet system of the one-party communist state. Ideological suitability was the only standard of acceptability, also at the university. In the immediate post-war period, the older generation of art historians, who were educated in the Western European tradition, mostly in Vienna, were placed in a completely new ideological-political context, which has highly influenced the development and methodology of the discipline until the present day.


historiography of art history, 20th century, 1945, art history and politics, France Stele (1886-1972), Slovenia, Vienna school of art history