0203 Irrational Artistic Ideas of the First Half of the 20th Century as an Inspiration for the Architecture of the Later 20th and Early 21st Centuries

  • Gytis Oržikauskas (Author)
    Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Department of Architectural Fundamentals, Theory and Arts, Vilnius

    Gytis Oržikauskas (*1987) is a graduate architect from Kaunas University of Technology in Lithuania and holds a master's degree in architectural history and theory from Vilnius Gediminas Technical University. Since 2012, he has been a PhD student in the Department of Architectural Fundamentals, Theory and Arts of Vilnius Gediminas Technical University. From 2010 to 2012, he worked as an urban planner in the town-planning service of Kaunas Municipality. From 2013 to 2016, he served as a heritage protection specialist in the Department of Cultural Heritage of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania. Since 2016, he has been working in the Lithuanian National Commission for Cultural Heritage (an institution directly responsible to the Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania) as a specialist for heritage protection and strategic planning. Among his research interests are: contemporary architecture, postmodernism, modernism, genius loci, individuality of architecture.

Identifiers (Article)


By applying the methods of categorisation, comparison and analysis of written sources, this article aims to reveal how Surrealist artistic ideas may have influenced – through the intermediary of the Postmodern movement – architectural trends up to the present time. The paper is organized into three parts, each dedicated to one of the most important Surrealist architectural concepts: the synthesis of the arts, fluidity, and formalistic superficiality and spontaneity. Each section describes how these ideas were underlined in Surrealist art and theoretical texts, compares them to some examples of Postmodern and contemporary architecture, and explains how these ideas were nurtured from the time they emerged until the time they materialized in architectural design.


20th century architecture, Irrationalism, Surrealism, Postmodernism, Deconstructivism