0273 Anastas Jovanović: Photographer of the New Slovak Political Representation

  • Petra Trnková (Author)

    Petra Trnková is a photo historian and works as a research fellow at the Institute of Art History of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague, where she also heads the CVF – Photography Research Centre and curates the IAH photo collection. Her research focuses on 19th- and early 20th-century photography. She is (co-)author of several books, including The Earliest Photographs of Prague 1850–1870 published in 2019 (together with Kateřina Bečková and Miroslava Přikrylová). Her writings have also appeared in History of Photography, Journal for the History of Collections, Umění/Art journal and Daguerreotype Journal. Currently, she is investigating the arrival and early development of photography on paper in Central Europe. In 2019, she was awarded the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellowship, which allowed her to study the early history of photomechanical printing in Europe at the Photographic History Research Centre of De Montfort University in Leicester.

Identifiers (Article)


This essay looks into the very beginnings of paper photography in the Austrian Empire. It focuses on two salted paper portraits of two most iconic figures of the Slovak National Revival in the mid-19th century, Ľudovít Štúr and Jozef M. Hurban. Created around 1849 by Anastas Jovanović, a Serbian photographer and lithographer based in Vienna, both portraits are the earliest paper photographs today preserved in Slovak collections. The article elucidates not only the salted paper prints’ authorship, origin, ownership and material characteristics, but also the notion of reproduction and circulation of images during the revolutionary years of 1848 and 1849 and by the advent of photography on paper in Central Europe at the same time. Special attention is paid to social and cultural contacts between Slovaks and Serbs around 1848 as a key factor to the photographs’ production.


calotype, salt paper print, portrait photography, Anastas Jovanović, Ľudovít Štúr, Jozef M. Hurban