0264 The Arts Policy of the Habsburg Empire in the Long 19th Century – "for the Good of Internal Peace within the Empire"

  • Andreas Gottsmann (Author)

    Born in Vienna in 1961, Andreas Gottsmann studied history and political science at the University of Vienna, where he obtained his PhD in 1988. From 1989 to 1997 he was a researcher at the Austrian Institute for East and Southeast European Studies, from 1997 to 2001 and again from 2007 to 2013 a senior researcher at the Austrian Academy of Sciences (Institute for Habsburg and Balkan Studies), for which he is currently preparing the publication of vol. X (Das kulturelle Leben) of the book series Die Habsburgermonarchie 1848–1918. In 2009, Andreas Gottsmann completed his habilitation in Austrian history at the University of Vienna with a thesis on the Catholic Church and the Nationality Question in the Habsburg Monarchy. Working as a researcher in modern and contemporary history at the Austrian Historical Institute in Rome from 2001 to 2007, he has been appointed its director in 2013. Among his fields of interest are: history of government, Austrian-Italian relations, Church-State relations, nationality policy and cultural policy in the Habsburg Monarchy.

Identifiers (Article)


The ꞋLong 19th CenturyꞋ saw the development of modern arts policy in many European countries and also in the Habsburg monarchy. Although the creation of national codes was not yet completed at that time, the measures adopted for the promotion of the arts did play an important role in the cultural development of Central Europe at the turn of the century. In fact, the efforts of various generations of politicians and administrators aiming at creating some sort of cultural identification patterns, which were oriented to the common State, left their mark in the collective memory. Most notably, a remarkable effort was made to give broader parts of the population access to the arts. Hence, the promotion of the arts soon became one of the tasks of the modern "cultural State", whose effects were going to last beyond the end of the Monarchy. The basis for these common communication spaces was not to be found in a Habsburg-Austrian "Leitkultur" (core culture) focused on Vienna, but in the acceptance of the cultural diversity existing in this area.


Habsburg Monarchy, arts policy, museum policy, exhibitions, cultural state, national identity