0261 Forschungsstand und Forschungsfragen – Historische und aktuelle Positionen zur Skulptur am Ende der Habsburgermonarchie

  • Ingeborg Schemper-Sparholz (Author)

    Ao. Prof. Dr. Ingeborg Schemper-Sparholz is an expert in sculpture from the Baroque to the 'Long Nineteenth Century' in Central Europe. She graduated from the Department of Art History of the University of Vienna, Austria, in 1978. In 2004 she qualified as a professor in Art History at the Faculty of Humanities, University of Vienna, with a professorial dissertation on Der Bildhauer Lorenzo Mattielli. Die Wiener Schaffensperiode. 1711–1738. Skulptur als Medium höfischer und sakraler Repräsentation zur Zeit Kaiser Karls VI. From 2004 till 2019 she was an Associate Professor at the Department of Art History of the University of Vienna. After her retirement, she continues to work on various publication projects and to supervise doctoral students.

Identifiers (Article)


This article provides an overview of the history of research on monument sculpture in the former Habsburg Monarchy during the long 19th century. The focus is, on the one hand, on the sculptors, their origins, their educational paths, and areas of activity during the years of political upheaval from a centrally governed multinational state to the independent nations of Central Europe. On the other hand, it is on how art and cultural historians dealt with this complex situation. The contemporary representatives in the field, such as Eitelberger, Hevesi, and Ilg came from the greater area of the Danube Monarchy and therefore had an eye on these sculpture networks, while after 1918 the topic of monument sculpture took a back seat, and in recent decades was only worked on regionally (e.g. Renate Wagner-Rieger, ed., Die Wiener Ringstraße. Bild einer Epoche, 11 vols., Vienna 1969–1981). Cross-national research cooperation, however, between academics studying culture in Central Europe came to a standstill, due to language barriers and the partial division of Europe by the Iron Curtain. The article reports on the initiative of a university research group to restore these contacts and create a contemporary form of information networking.


Central Europe, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Habsburg Monarchy, monuments, sculpture, Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, 19th century, networks of sculptors, art historiography