0266 The Habsburgs and Public Monuments in 19th-Century Croatia

  • Dragan Damjanović (Author)

    Dragan Damjanović (b. 1978) works as a full professor at the Art History Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia. He teaches and researches the history of 19th- and 20th-century Croatian and Central European art and architecture. He has published numerous books and papers, curated exhibitions and organized congresses related to this subject. Of his recently published books most important are: Arhitekt Herman Bollé (2013), Zagreb: Architectural Atlas (2016), Otto Wagner und die kroatische Architektur (2018), and Art and Politics in the Modern Period (co-edited with Lovorka Magaš Bilandžić, Željka Miklošević and Jeremy F. Walton, 2019). Currently he is heading the Croatian Science Foundation project "Art and the State in Croatia from the Enlightenment to the Present".

Identifiers (Article)


This paper focuses on the analysis of the ways in which the cult of the Habsburg dynasty was promoted through public monuments in Croatia in the so-called Long 19th Century, from the end of the 18th to the early 20th century. Public sculpture in Croatia at this time was under a strong dominance of the national discourse – it mostly commemorated heroes of the Croatian cultural and sometimes also political history. Compared to the monuments to national heroes, the public monuments dedicated to members of the Habsburg family were smaller in number, and most often more modest in design and size. They can be divided into two basic groups – monuments commemorating events (Ereignisdenkmäler) from Croatian history connected with the Habsburgs, and monuments dedicated directly to individual members of the Habsburg family. The latter type of monuments is defined in this article in terms of what they commemorate and is divided into three groups: 1) monuments commemorating the role of the Habsburg emperors in the implementation of infrastructure projects, 2) monuments commemorating important anniversaries in the lives of individual members of the ruling house, and 3) monuments commemorating visits of Habsburgs to Croatia.


Habsburg dynasty, dynastic cult, 19th century, Croatia, public monuments, Franz Joseph I