0292 The Fate of the Antiquities Collection of Izabela Działyńska (neé Czartoryska)

  • Inga Głuszek (Author)
    Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń

    Inga Głuszek is an associate professor at the Institute of Archaeology of Nicolaus Copernicus University (NCU) in Toruń, Poland. She received her PhD from NCU in 2008 and her Habilitation in 2020. The main topic of her research relates to the production of Greek tableware pottery, especially black gloss pottery, and its distribution in Greek colonies in the northern part of the Black Sea littoral. She also focuses on the study of Athenian black- and red-figure pottery and analyses of the iconographic representations of Athenian vase painting. Furthermore, she is interested in the history of ancient pottery collections in Poland.

  • Michał Krueger (Author)
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań

    Michał Krueger is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Archaeology of Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland. He received his PhD from Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona and Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań in 2011. His research explores the archaeology of ancient Iberia from the Late Bronze Age to the Iron Age, with a particular focus on pottery studies and local responses to Phoenician colonization. He is especially interested in archaeometric approaches to material culture and the history of Mediterranean artifacts in Poland.

Identifiers (Article)


The collection of antiquities displayed at Gołuchów castle in Poland by Izabela Działyńska was one of the largest private collections in Europe of ancient works of art from the Middle East, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Ancient pottery, stelae from Cyprus, fragments of Roman marble sculpture, and a large collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts were exhibited in the Greek Vases Hall, the Antiquities Hall, and the Egyptian Hall. The invasion of Poland by Nazi troops on 1 September 1939 and the attack of Soviet troops on 17 September started a two-front war in Poland. On 28 September 1939, the German-Soviet Frontier and Friendship Treaty was signed, marking the border between the two aggressors on Polish lands along the line of the rivers San-Bug-Narew-Pisa. This division of Poland continued until the German invasion of the USSR in June 1941. As a result of these wartime events, the collection of Izabela Działyńska was dispersed. Many of the objects are now in various museums in Poland, but some, including ancient artefacts and other valuable works of art, are considered lost. It cannot be ruled out that some were destroyed.


Gołuchów collection, Greek vases, antiquities, World War II, occupied Poland, war losses